Cave art may have been the craft of neanderthals.
Tens of thousands of years ago, the first artists painted images on the walls of caves. They collect, paint and burnish the holes in the shells, presumably worn. This is the first art that we call “modern man” or homo sapiens.
In addition, some of the cave art may have been created by neanderthals – our ancient and evolutionary criteria were failed Cousins. At least, that’s what a team of scientists now claims.
Painted caves were found in Spain. The wall is a canvas, bold, apparently not some kind of pollution accident. The paint used is red clay, from the soil mixed with water.
A geometric design looks like part of a ladder, forming a rectangle. Someone pressed the mold against the wall, then coated it with liquid ochre. There was a swirl of bright red spots and spots on the flowing curtains of stalactites suspended from the ceiling of the cave.
But there is a problem. New tests of rocks and calcium carbonate, formed in part of ochre, show that they were painted 65,000 years ago. About twenty thousand years ago, the first modern people arrived there.
“The only species at the time was neanderthals,” explained alistair pike, an archaeologist at the university of Southampton in England, who was part of the team. “So these paintings must have been made by them.”
Parker said it was not very reliable to determine that the original technology of the painting era was used decades ago. It measures how much carbon is in the rock, and it’s easy to make a mistake. So the scientists used different dating techniques for uranium and thorium radioisotopes. This technique suggests that these paintings are much older than originally thought. This has changed the traditional view that only modern humans have created art on their heads.
“We’re on the moon,” pike said. ”
Neanderthals were thought to have evolved in Asia and Europe from the common ancestor of humans and neanderthals. Their bones were first discovered in the 19th century in Europe, they close to any known human body as a relative, but the Neanderthal man is thought to be cruel and stupid subspecies of modern people. Recent genetic evidence suggests that they are indeed breeding with modern humans from Africa.
But art? This requires an abstract, symbolic thought – the use of symbols to recreate real things, such as patterns or landscapes.
“We have outside Africa’s example of pigment using outside Europe and cave paintings, we have them in Europe, and obviously they are the origin of the neanderthals,” Max physicist at the Max Planck institute for evolutionary anthropology in dirk said hoffman, Spanish painter dating experts. He says the new analysis shows that art is independent in both places.
Mr. Hoffman believes that making the paintings may require planning, organization, and even language, although he acknowledges that this is a guess.
Obviously, some paintings require a lot of determination. “They’re actually hiding,” he said. “If you want to see them, you can walk into the cave the deepest, darkest part, but you actually have to lie down and crawl to look up on the wall of the cave, but they are actually small cliff hanging from the ceiling.”
In the fourth cave, the scientists also found evidence pointing to neanderthals: some painted shells, some drilled into a hole, possibly to hold a rope. The shells lay in caves by the sea, dating back about 115,000 years – far earlier than the first known signs of modern humans in Spain.
“I think we should accept them as a part of us, they are part of our heritage, they are human, they are just a different population,” said alistair pike.
The results were published this week in the journal scientific and scientific progress. Whether the scientific community will give neanderthals their final credibility depends on whether the latest dating technology is censored. These techniques give a range of possible dates, not exact dates. There is indeed an overlap between modern humans and neanderthals in Europe. If new evidence suggests that humans actually arrived earlier than scientists now believe, then this is the scientific model.